Kashmir Indepth

Grapes village of Kashmir

Raouf Dar

Kashmir Sep 19 (KINS): Six-year-ago, Mohammad Amin Bhat would grow apples on his two kanals of land at Repora in Central Kashmir’s Ganderbal district and earn between Rs 50,000 to Rs 70,000 per year. In 2016, Bhat switched to cultivating grapes on his one kanal of land to get better returns.

“Fruit started coming out in 2018. I earn Rs 3 lakh annually from grape production on one kanal of land which is six times better than I fetch from apples. I earn Rs 50,000 from apple production, which I grow on one kanal of land,” he said, who is father of two daughters.

Low prices and extensive hard work were the main reasons why Bhat made the switch from apple.

“Apples are grown across Kashmir and there is a huge competition. While grapes have a better market and prices as a small percentage of farmers are associated with this fruit,” Bhat told news agency KINS.

Like Bhat, there are hundreds of farmers in Ganderbal district who have started growing grapes over the years.

Repora village in Ganderbal district has created a niche for cultivating quality grapes over the years.

On a small picturesque hamlet, grapes are grown in Repora for centuries and the place is called the “grapes village of Kashmir”.

The sweetness of grapes has also been mentioned by Kashmir’s famous saint Sheikh Nooruddin Wali in his poetry.

The villagers attribute the sweetness of grapes to the blessing of another Sufi saint Mir Syed Shah Sadiq Qalandar who lived in this area centuries ago.

In Kashmir as per the official figures of Horticulture Department, the grapes are cultivated on over 400 hectares of land and production goes up to 1,600 MT (Metric Tonnes) every year.

In Ganderbal district alone, the grapes according to official figures were cultivated on 199 hectares during 2020-2021 which rose to 201 hectares in 2021-2022 with the production of 1048 MT and 1205 MT respectively. Of which, the production of Repora village alone is over 800 MT.

Grapes are usually ready for harvest in August or till early September.

Habibullah Magrey, a 51-year-old farmer and Sarpanch of Repora said there are 800 villagers in this village and over 80 percent farmers are cultivating grapes.

“Villagers of other areas across Kashmir especially in Ganderbal are also switching towards this fruit to get better returns. This is a more profitable crop than other fruits like apples,” Magray said, who also owns over 20 kanals of land on which he cultivates other fruits including apples.

However Magray, who earns Rs 3.5 lakh annually from grapes, said some keep it in earthen pots and cover with mud to preserve the fruit.

“Bringing a lot of earthen pots and then putting grapes and covering them with mud to increase its life are a hectic process. There is an immediate need for cold storage facilities in Ganderbal so we can store and keep this fruit at least till November,” he said.

The Repora area is famous for cultivating top grades of grapes like Sahiba, Hussaini, Anabeshai which are being sold in various markets of the valley.

“The grapes which we grow here are not sufficient to meet the demand in Kashmir. The farmers sell grapes in Mandis and then they are being supplied to different places across the valley. When the harvesting season is at peak, customers in large numbers from across Kashmir come to this village to buy the fruit. Besides, grapes are also imported from various parts of the country to meet the valley’s demand,” he said. (KINS)

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